Can Law Over Taking New Media?

Week9: New Media Law, Policy and Governance 

“Both technology studies and legal theory tell origin stories about human autonomy as the prize from either a foundational technological or jurisprudential event.” (Tranter, 2010) It sounds very ideal that how law proper to regulate the technology (also the new media), but do the regulation really capable for that?

One very recent example of copyright infringement was seen in a British High Court ruling in July 2011. The case involved ‘the Studios’: A body that represents exclusive licensees of television and film copyrights; And ‘BT’: The largest Internet Service Provider (ISP) in the UK. In the hearing, The Honourable Mr Justice Arnold stated “I accept that online copyright infringement is a serious problem for copyright owners such as the Studios and the other rightholders who support this application…there is fairly good evidence of the scale of the wrongdoing” (Royal Court of Justice, 2011) Justice Arnold ordered BT to block internet users from accessing a particular website available to UK residents which was redistributing material without a license.

This case ended with a landmark ruling that has set a precedent for other democracies to challenge the largest legal loophole in the internet which has cost global creative industries billions of dollars globally.
On the flip-side to this case, The United Nations (UN) has opposed Justice Arnold’s recent ruling and others similar to it by reporting that “disconnecting people from the internet is a human rights violation and against international law” (Kravets, 2011)   Article 19 of the UN’s ‘International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights’ suggests “…everyone shall have the right to freedom of expression…either orally, in writing or in print, in the form of art, or through any other media of his choice” (The United Nations, 1976)

 

Reference

Tranter, Kieran (2010). Stories of Human Anatomy, Law, and Technology in Bulletin of Science Technology Society. 30(18), pp. 18-21.

Kravets, David. 2011. U.N. Report Declares Internet Access A Human Right, Threat Level Blog. Accessed May 5, 2012. http://www.wired.com/threatlevel/2011/06/internet-a-human-right/

The United Nations. 1976. Orrice of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Right. Article 19 (2-3). Accessed May 5, 2012. http://www2.ohchr.org/english/law/ccpr.htm.

Royal Court of Justice. 2011. The Hon MR Justice Arnold. Accessed May 5, 2012. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/bsp/hi/pdfs/28_07_11_bt_newzbin_ruling.pdf

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By IVan Cheung

Social Media Temptation

Week8: New Media Transgressions

“Xanga” is  a very popular blogging site in few years ago, one of the unique thing that Xanga has, was the visibility function, and blogs were optionally show to anyone or particular group of people. Bloggers love this function because it keep their “privacy”. However, a few months later there was another web call xangaspy was launch, which basically let any body to access whatever xanga blog they want to. So did the “privacy” still private?

One day, when I talk to my friend (a social media freak) about Instagram she has this comment “When someone commented favorably on one of my own attempts, it was quite a unique moment. I am responsible for 100 million web page visits a year, but that one comment was bigger than them all.” Does new media leak our privacy, but not vice versa?

People love sharing, remember? People start writing on the “Wall” since the ancient time til today on Facebook! This is human culture to share life experience and gain sympathy from others, social media has the power to gather people and tempt us to share. People argue that to think before you post, however, the most ridiculous and ironical thing happening out there is we like to share, so we do not mind to share lies instead of not to share.

“Boundaries between public and private are blurred … The shifting boundaries between public and private life have become a new battle ground in modern societies, a contested terrain where individuals and organizations wage a new kind of information war.”  Thompson (2011)  Are we really war between private and public? But not a individual battle between ‘post’ or ‘not post’, truth or lie, and use or not use social media?

Reference

Thompson, J. B. 2011. “Shifting Boundries of Public and Private Life.” Theory Culture Society, 28(4): 49-70. Accessed April 29, 2012.https://cmd.library.qut.edu.au/KCB206/KCB206_AR_338916.pdf

By IVan Cheung

Crowd Sourcing — New Concept for Companies and Us

Week 7 — Working in/with New Media

The expert of Crowd Sourcing Jeff Howe (2006) mentions “Technology advances breaking down the cost barriers that once separated amateurs and professionals” Which mean people on the internet are more workable than they used to be, because everything in the world is getting simple.  . We can produce professional movie clip just like the one we watch in the cinema and we can share our idea to the world through the Internet or social media and getting instant feedback. During Zittrain’s lecture on “Minds for Sale”, he raises a number of potential issues arising from the use of new media as a means of acquiring cheap labour. The primary way in which new media is used as a labour tool is through crowd sourcing, explained in the video below.

Crowd sourcing offers opportunities to individuals as a way of reshaping the traditional power relationships associated with work and labour, and gives consumers the power to define “the products or enhancements” that meet their needs (Boutin, 2006).

Threadless demonstrate how crowd sourcing is working. They sell clothes online and also letting people to participate to their production by uploading designs, vote and critique each other’s work, and bring the best design to the production eventually.

Crowd sourcing shows the potential that new media has to radically alter the way in which we work, and gives us the potential to have a greater impact on the products we consume.

Reference

Howe, Jeff. 2006. The Rise of CrowdSourcing. Accessed 15 April, 2012. http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/14.06/crowds.html

 

Boutin, P. 2006. “Crowdsourcing: Consumers as Creators.” Accessed April 15, 2012.http://www.businessweek.com/innovate/content/jul2006/id20060713_755844.htm

By IVan Cheung

Future of New Media + Health = ……

Week 5: New Media, Health and Well-being

The main issue that arises out of this is that the quality of the information can “range from wholly accurate and reliable to grossly misleading and even dangerous” (Gibson and Sutherland 2008, 56).Education of online information searching and government warnings may need to be implemented if the trend of Lay people becoming self managing health consumers becomes any more of a threat to their own health (Lewis, 2006) Obviously, we have concerns on the creditability of online medical source and information.  As in this week’s tut we discuss about how to improve the online medical system, in order to provide a better health care service.

(BBC, 2011) —- http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-12887075

That is the individual onus to ensure that the information they gather is reliable, but on the other hand medical professional should take step forward to the new media and being responsible on facilitating the online information as accurate and accessible as possible.
An UK charity organization as just done that, Cancer Research UK is turning its specialists loose on the internet to get them to tidy up the online encyclopedia – Wikipedia (BBC, 2011) Cancer Research UK has pages of detail about a range of cancers.However, using a search engine for the terms “Breast Cancer” puts the charity in eighth place on the results page. Wikipedia comes second.(BBC, 2011) So to clarify the source on Wikipedia is a very critical move for public interest. If more medical organization take this kind of move on the other medical topics, internet (also related new media) would be a very powerful tool to promote health.

Anyway, Health and New Media are still on the very beginning stage of development, there are many possibility out there for the industry to discover and develop. The Youtube on below may give us some clue for future development of Health and New Media.

Reference

Gibson, Elaine and Jan Sutherland. 2008. “To Filter or Not to Filter: Legal and Ethical Aspects of Librarians’ Ude of Internet Filtering Techniques.” In  Mediating Health information: The Go-Betweens in a Changing Socio-Technical Landscape, edited by Roma Harris, Nadine Wathen and Sally Wyatt, 56-77. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. Accessed March 31, 2012.http://www.qut.eblib.com.au.ezp01.library.qut.edu.au/patron/FullRecord.aspx?p=435772&userid=bsEDudeaSVWLxSwo838NAg%3d%3d&tstamp=1302428426id=F4BB123DB3F1170A4EDFD3CC095A57D24037585A

Lewis, T. 2006. Seeking health information on the internet: lifestyle choice or bad attack of cyberchondria? Media, Culture & Society, volume 28, issue 4: 521-539. Accessed March 31, 2012. http://mcs.sagepub.com.ezp01.library.qut.edu.au/content/28/4/521.full.pdf+html

BBC. 2011. Cancer charity ‘tidies’ Wikipedia. Accessed March 31, 2012. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-12887075

By IVan Cheung

The New Media — A Greater Connection Between Politics and Public

Week 4: New Media, Beliefs, Politics & Ethics

Many big political movements happened in recent times were organised through peer-to-peer networking on a global scale. Shirky (2011) mentions “As the communications landscape gets denser, more complex, and more participatory, the networked population is gaining greater access to information, more opportunities to engage in public speech, and an enhanced ability to undertake collective action.”

People today are very socially involved with information technologies. New media has provided a place for increased interactivity, and a forum to exchange individual ideas and commentary on social issues, in turn developing a new kind of postmodern politics (Louw 2005). Unquestionably, new media change the way we receive information. The messages used to be spread from the top to the bottom (traditional media to audience), and now there are more peer-to-peer messages, contrarily these peer-to-peer messages would up to the top.

(Mindsofthefrey, 2012)

Kony 2012 — the Invisible Children charity’s campaign against the Ugandan warlord, by using the persuasive and engagement power of the Internet. The film KONY 2012 has been viewed over 84,000,000 times in a month, Facebook groups were held to support the campaign and find the “Devil” Kony. Apparently this campaign captured the public awareness to the issue at Ugandan. Additionally, it demonstrated the new practice of political movement in the new media generation.

 

(JibJab. 2011)

New media raise people’s awareness and passion on political issues, earlier participation for teenagers as it present serious issues/ topic by interesting way.

 

 

Reference

Louw, E. 2005. The Media and Political Process, pp.118-125, Sage Publication, Thousand Oaks, California.

Shirky,C. 2011. The Political Power of Social Media: Technology; the Public Sphere and Political Change, media article, Vol 90 (1), accessed 23 March 2012,
http://web.ebscohost.com.ezp01.library.qut.edu.au/ehost/detail?sid=8317c883-9a72-4c45-9ed7-8d966267066e%40sessionmgr114&vid=1&hid=111&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=afh&AN=56624549

Mindsofthefrey. 2012. Minds Of the Frey. accessed 23 March 2012.
http://mindsofthefrey.tumblr.com/

JibJab. 2011. 2011, Buh-Bye. accessed 23 March 2012.
http://www.youtube.com/user/JibJab#g/u

By IVan Cheung

The New Media Arcade For Us to Share Creativity

Week 3 — The New Media Amusement Arcade: Music, Games & Flim

Human are unique in a lots of ways, one of the very special skills that we have is creativity. We can innovate lots of lots of game and fun by using very simple tools. Because we are imaginative and having tones of senses of humour.

Paper, Scissors, Stone is a classic example of a combination of human’s humour and creativity. A very simple “finger” game of paper scissors and stone defeating each other, but it can generate lots of fun for kids or even for adults. So a simple explanation for creative would be:  we like to think and joke so we being creative.

How we express? How we say it loud and share it out? Was always the question.

That’s why New Media was created, for human to share their crazy thoughts. As Levy, S. (2006) mentions this ease of sharing has opened up new opportunities, such as within the film industry where film makers; amateurs and professionals alike, have the ability to share their creations across a broad international scale.

In the new media we elaborate a lot on the game “Paper, Scissors, Stone”

  • Share the secret of Paper, Scissors, Stone (Cleland, G. 2007)
  • Share how good we can play this game (TheHypnosKing. 2010)

  • Download it and play on new media platform (Apple .2011)

The invention of new media and new electronic devices makes people’s behaviors become individual, less face to face discussion and interaction. However because of these inventions people are more connected in another way that we have never experienced.

Reference:

Levy, S. (2006). The Perfect Thing: How the iPod Shuffles Commerce, Culture and Coolness, New York: Simon & Schuster, pp. 21-41.

Apple. (2011, March 14). Paper Scissor Stone HK, App Store. Retrieved from http://itunes.apple.com/us/app/paper-scissor-stone-hk/id413657248?mt=8

Cleland, G. (2007). The secret to winning at rock, paper, scissors. Retrieved March 14, 2012, from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/science-news/3319456/The-secret-to-winning-at-rock-paper-scissors.html

TheHypnosKing. (2010, March 30). Derren Brown – How To Play Paper, Scissors, Stone. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DFaCLUwuORM&feature=fvst

By IVan Cheung

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By IVan Cheung